<form id="ljdbj"></form>

      <form id="ljdbj"></form>
      <sub id="ljdbj"></sub>

      <noframes id="ljdbj">

      BIM 選課中心 APP下載
      當前位置: 首頁 > BIM > BIM考試動態 > BIM答疑精選 > BIM技術是如何提高施工企業的中標率的?

      BIM技術是如何提高施工企業的中標率的?

      發布時間:2018年03月13日 14:37:39 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

      【摘要】BIM是一個富含工程信息的數據庫,可以真實地提供工程量計算所需要的物理和空間信息。

        1.BIM在招標控制中的應用

        在招標控制環節,準確和全面的工程量清單是核心關鍵。而工程量計算是招投標階段耗費時間和精力最多的重要工作。BIM是一個富含工程信息的數據庫,可以真實地提供工程量計算所需要的物理和空間信息。借助這些信息,計算機可以快速對各種構件進行統計分析,從而大大減少根據圖紙統計工程量帶來的繁瑣的人工操作和潛在錯誤,在效率和準確性上得到顯著提高。

        (1)建立或復用設計階段的BIM模型

        在招投標階段,各專業的BIM模型建立是BIM應用的重要基礎工作。BIM模型建立的質量和效率直接影響后續應用的成效。模型的建立主要有三種途徑:

        ①直接按照施工圖紙重新建立BIM模型,這也是最基礎、最常用的方式。

        ②如果可以得到二維施工圖的AutoCAD格式的電子文件,利用軟件提供的識圖轉圖功能,將DWG二維圖轉成BIM模型。

        ③復用和導入設計軟件提供的BIM模型,生成BIM算量模型。這是從整個BIM流程來看最合理的方式,可以避免重新建模所帶來的大量手工工作及可能產生的錯誤。

        (2)基于BIM的快速、精確算量基于BIM算量可以大大提高工程量計算的效率

        基于BIM的自動化算量方法將人們從手工繁瑣的勞動中解放出來,節省更多時間和精力用于更有價值的工作,如詢價、評估風險等,并可以利用節約的時間編制更精確的預算。

        基于BIM算量提高了工程量計算的準確性。工程量計算是編制工程預算的基礎,但計算過程非常繁瑣,造價工程師容易因各種人為原因而導致很多的計算錯誤。BIM模型是一個存儲項目構件信息的數據庫,可以為造價人員提供造價編制所需的項目構件信息,從而大大減少根據圖紙人工識別構件信息的工作量以及由此引起的潛在錯誤。因此,BIM的自動化算量功能可以使工程量計算工作擺脫人為因素影響,得到更加客觀的數據。

        2.BIM在投標過程中的應用

        招標單位一般給施工單位的投標時間為15-20天。如按傳統方式,這么短的時間內,不太可能對招標工程量進行詳細復核,只能按照招標工程量進行組價,得出總價以后進行優惠報價。但有了BIM,快速準確算量不再是難事。

        (1)基于BIM的施工方案模擬

        借助BIM手段可以直觀地進行項目虛擬場景漫游,在虛擬現實中身臨其境般地進行方案體驗和論證。基于BIM模型,對施工組織設計方案進行論證,就施工中的重要環節進行可視化模擬分析,按時間進度進行施工安裝方案的模擬和優化。對于一些重要的施工環節或采用新施工工藝的關鍵部位、施工現場平面布置等施工指導措施進行模擬和分析,以提高計劃的可行性。在投標過程中,通過對施工方案的模擬,直觀、形象地展示給甲方。

        (2)基于BIM的4D進度模擬

        建筑施工是一個高度動態和復雜的過程,當前建筑工程項目管理中經常用于表示進度計劃的網絡計劃,由于專業性強、可視化程度低,無法清晰描述施工進度以及各種復雜關系,難以形象表達工程施工的動態變化過程。通過將BIM與施工進度計劃相鏈接,將空間信息與時間信息整合在一個可視的4D(3D+Time)模型中,可以直觀、精確地反映整個建筑的施工過程和虛擬形象進度。4D施工模擬技術可以在項目建造過程中合理制訂施工計劃、精確掌握施工進度,優化使用施工資源以及科學地進行場地布置,對整個工程的施工進度、資源和質量進行統一管理和控制,以縮短工期、降低成本、提高質量。此外借助4D模型,施工企業在工程項目投標中將獲得競標優勢,BIM可以讓業主直觀地了解投標單位對投標項目主要施工的控制方法、施工安排是否均衡、總體計劃是否基本合理等,從而對投標單位的施工經驗和實力作出有效評估。

        (3)基于BIM的資源優化與資金計劃

        利用BIM可以方便、快捷地進行施工進度模擬、資源優化,以及預計產值和編制資金計劃。通過進度計劃與模型的關聯,以及造價數據與進度關聯,可以實現不同維度(空間、時間、流水段)的造價管理與分析。

        將三維模型和進度計劃相結合,模擬出每個施工進度計劃任務對應所需的資金和資源,形成進度計劃對應的資金和資源曲線,便于選擇更加合理的進度安排。

        通過對BIM模型的流水段劃分,可以按照流水段自動關聯快速計算出人工、材料、機械設備和資金等的資源需用量計劃。所見即所得的方式,不但有助于投標單位制訂合理的施工方案,還能形象地展示給甲方。

        (4)提高編制商務標效率

        1)碰撞檢查:減少返工、節約工期、減低建造成本

        BIM最直觀的特點在于三維可視化,利用BIM的三維技術在施工前期、中期可以進行碰撞檢查,這樣既可以優化項目設計,減少在建筑施工階段可能存在的錯誤損失和返工的可能性,又加快了施工進度,為業主減低建造成本。

        2)虛擬施工:通過模型提前預知施工難點,提出切實可行施工方案

        運用BIM三維可視化功能再加上時間維度,利用碰撞優化后的三維管線方案,可以進行施工交底、施工模擬,發現本工程的重難點施工部位,按照場地特點、國家規范制定詳細的施工方案,將施工方案模型化、動 漫化,讓評標專家、甚至非工程行業出身的業主領導都對施工方案的各種問題和情況了如指掌。

        3)優化安全文明施工方案

        BIM模型中,對洞口、臨邊、電梯井等存在安全隱患的位置,布置上安全圍欄,施工前,對施工人員進行安全交底,形象又直觀,讓施工人員對安全隱患位置有較深的影響,確保施工過程不出安全事故。

        4)利用BIM,做到分區域統計材料用量,材料運輸一次到位,加快施工進度

        BIM不僅三維可視化,還是一個6D關聯數據庫。利用已經建立的模型,可以準確快速的統計到每個區域、每個構件的材料用量,點對點的材料運輸,使得材料一次性到位,減少材料的二次搬運,進而有效提高各工序的配合程度,加快施工進度。

        5)提交運維BIM模型,方便業主管理

        工程竣工后,向業主提供BIM資料數據庫,這是一種6D關聯數據庫,業主方可以根據各種條件快速檢索到相應資料,大大提升了物業管理能力。

        以上通過BIM技術實現的價值,將大大提升技術含量和競爭力,為中標加分。但BIM不是投標中的噱頭,業主也是希望通過BIM實現價值,并且BIM技術現已的能力已經為施工企業的全過程精細化管理帶來巨大益處,同時為節約工期、提高工程質量發揮作用,大幅提升客戶價值。因此,中標只是第一步,如何在施工過程中有效利用BIM節約工期、成本,提升建筑質量,才是施工單位應該認真思考的問題。

        總之,BIM對于建設項目生命周期內的管理水平提升和生產效率提高具有不可比擬的優勢。利用BIM技術可以提高招標投標的質量和效率,有力地保障工程量清單的全面和精確,促進投標報價的科學、合理,加強招投標管理的精細化水平,減少風險,進一步促進招標投標市場的規范化、市場化、標準化的發展。可以說BIM技術的全面應用,將為建筑行業的科技進步產生無可估量的影響,大大提高建筑工程的集成化程度和參建各方的工作效率。同時,也為建筑行業的發展帶來巨大效益,使規劃、設計、施工乃至整個項目全生命周期的質量和效益得到顯著提高。
       

      分享到: 編輯:張美遷

      環球網校移動課堂APP 直播、聽課。職達未來!

      安卓版

      下載

      iPhone版

      下載
      環球小過-環球網校官方微信服務平臺

      刷題看課 APP下載

      免費直播 一鍵購課

      代報名等人工服務

      返回頂部
      826彩票 www.235925.com | www.223085.com | www.420421.com | www.cp778.com | www.3478e.cc | www.806875.com | www.152918.com | www.536210.com | www.810531.com | www.498166.com | www.96386s.com | www.196075.com | www.217880.com | www.99677y.com | www.50064u.com | www.293788.com | www.209880.com | www.43131c.com | www.00840g.com | www.57578f.com | www.39500f.com | www.34207.com | www.50026f.com | www.853689.com | www.w413.com | www.661661a.com | www.ct6675.com | www.500285.com | www.50732i.com | www.930xj.com | www.gen08.com | www.lqc7.com | www.342977.com | www.97655m.com | www.39391.cc | www.598966.com | www.218291.com | www.22303.cc | www.50054h.com | www.ya278.com | www.81678m.com | www.33588u.com | www.50989j.com | www.927633.com | www.rcw8877.com | www.36788x.com | www.gu64.com | www.89894m.com | www.843552.com | www.52072o.com | www.qucw9.com | www.715613.com | www.217630.com | www.5441d.com | www.951816.com | www.296233.com | www.35czj.com | www.199602.com | www.1444ac.com | www.hcw823.com | www.60007f.com | www.9928m.com | www.369061.com | www.65707q.com | www.hcw332.com | www.99788b.com | www.713667.com | www.33997j.com | www.634977.com | www.90305c.com | www.526051.com | www.622by.com | www.87668g.com | www.669772.com | www.54968g.com | www.849129.com | www.35155h.com | www.268993.com | www.092wy.com | www.374511.com | www.55qxc.com | www.68682m.com | www.gai50.com | www.39500n.com | www.560706.com | www.60007c.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.599846.com | www.626by.com | www.77801y.com | www.576411.com | www.hy5502.com | www.99788f.com | www.rcw321.com | www.662517.com | www.cai003.vip | www.3890q.com | www.71233d.com | www.66653y.com | www.564648.com | www.gczj6.com | www.33598h.com | www.33598v.com | www.193722.com | www.548912.com | www.808523.com | www.lqc8.com | www.679by.com | www.41518f.com | www.49956q.com | www.362322.com | www.535666e.com | www.aa0090.com | www.77210h.com | www.rcw789.com | www.979738.com | www.911888a.com | www.5666hc.com | www.8499a.com | www.060640.com | www.681048.com | www.855765.com | www.902776.com | www.guocai667.com | www.002ac.com | www.1555hc.com | www.004hy.cc | www.0014r.com | www.ya350.com | www.hjin2.com | www.896165.com | www.845755.com | www.862366.com | www.731996.com | www.665991.com | www.575872.com | www.585116.com | www.160883.com | www.81678b.com | www.88266s.com | www.80767n.com | www.50026m.com | www.9928n.com | www.1248g.cc | www.864955.com | www.567620.com | www.249880.com | www.65707h.com | www.78949r.com | www.2373r.com | www.935257.com | www.757309.com | www.c4527.com | www.627297.com | www.255811.com | www.50054p.com | www.10380.cc | www.596702.com | www.99968z.com | www.99677d.com | www.063wy.com | www.927035.com | www.389344.com | www.50052h.com | www.8039f.com | www.rrle6.com | www.383566.com | www.68682f.com | www.5095p.com | www.896950.com | www.177741.com | www.14177.com | www.760250.com | www.84499f.com | www.64700.com | www.585hc.com | www.xinyc5.com | www.61655m.com | www.bang | www.587244.com | www.50051j.com | www.007hy.cc | www.99638i.com | www.9818g.cc | www.454589.com | www.61233k.com | www.901770.com | www.73166d.com | www.2875r.com | www.506237.com | www.61655r.com | www.fh7557.com | www.50024x.com | www.cp3.mobi | www.29277hh.com | www.hcw823.com | www.49956g.com | www.983480.com | www.54400l.com | www.c805.cc | www.68682l.com | www.ct8822.com | www.35918x.com | www.cai345.cc | www.51515b.com | www.923599.com | www.36166v.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.68682q.com | www.598799.com | www.5522k.cc | www.87668a.com | www.c129.vip | www.2875z.com | www.87668g.com | www.857981.com | www.43818l.com | www.278203.com | www.hjin6.com | www.35155g.com | www.638807.com | www.4189d.com | www.179012.com | www.813770.com | www.cll168.com | www.66332f.com | www.663738.com | www.99ttz.com | www.50074a.com | www.54968f.com | www.588yc.com | www.35155o.com | www.456836.com | www.998294.com | www.89338.com | www.88266d.com | www.641477.com | www.cha62.com | www.65707q.com | www.109031.com | www.583792.com | www.c4534.com | www.2394.com | www.068wy.com | www.86267n.com | www.88065a.com | www.582833.com | www.974674.com | www.2408a.cc | www.5086t.com | www.35155w.com | www.55228h.com | www.234276.com | www.630137.com | www.rcw678.com | www.371w.cc | www.98255.com | www.52303c.com | www.35918a.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.183799.com | www.311332.com | www.502433.com | www.502433.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.560529.com | www.584511.com | www.580896.com | www.660665.com | www.lg7717.com | www.669350.com | www.704126.com | www.937182.com | www.914905.com | www.987957.com | www.aa0090.com | www.9155e.cc | www.66fzc.com | www.99ckb.com | www.2qxc.com | www.803244.com | www.hcw266.com | www.290282.com | www.250680.com | www.89894p.com | www.57578h.com | www.78700n.com | www.16878g.com | www.9889hc.com | www.085wy.com | www.hw7890.com | www.565378.com | www.652561.com | www.351957.com | www.003561.com | www.34788e.com | www.36166k.com | www.8000hc.com | www.c8701.com | www.602582.com | www.130881.com | www.80075f.com | www.5177.cc | www.876747.com | www.472255.com | www.68568y.com | www.12455m.com | www.cp8001.cc | www.917233.com | www.078wy.com | www.50989e.com | www.32123h.com | www.3552g.com | www.914902.com | www.193629.com | www.55885m.com | www.cb7288.com | www.321953.com | www.80065r.com | www.aa3126.com | www.202803.com | www.50080b.com | www.973709.com | www.142525.cc | www.8499w.com | www.808390.com | www.77803g.com | www.5666hc.com | www.529106.com | www.77802w.com | www.am6543.com | www.061966.com | www.371x.cc | www.330892.com | www.9478d.com | www.560121.com | www.54400l.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.50064z.com | www.cp8016.cc | www.77803h.com | www.yi695.com | www.176223.com | www.102ak.com | www.108057.com | www.662by.com | www.188975.com | www.065wy.com | www.178113.com | www.910xj.com | www.178281.com | www.9889hc.com | www.055982.com | www.fh7557.com | www.34788a.com | www.746133.com | www.50788y.com | www.327556.com | www.gai06.com | www.32123f.com | www.665771.com | www.11025.cc | www.53900h.com | www.694977.com | www.5522g.cc | www.68689h.com | www.855312.com | www.12455q.com | www.220892.com | www.cf9901.com | www.68682n.com | www.209713.com | www.985579.com | www.43818q.com | www.hcw776.com | www.809571.com | www.9889hc.com | www.50054x.com | www.500106.com | www.23040.com | www.29699.com | www.80065x.com | www.677038.com | www.07hc.com | www.02022.com | www.52303e.com | www.375939.com | www.828326.com | www.55yfa.com | www.26299h.com | www.81520x.com | www.506931.com | www.900140.com | www.062wy.com | www.87498.com | www.33588c.com | www.106396.com | www.513550.com | www.904817.com | www.qj35.com | www.95wcp.com | www.7793h.com | www.61233r.com | www.26878l.com | www.73736d.com | www.101363.com | www.297126.com | www.370933.com | www.560923.com | www.645880.com | www.792587.com | www.870035.com | www.966083.com | www.979673.com | www.980996.com | www.cp8004.cc | www.hw4444.com | www.9889hc.com | www.gyfc6.com | www.gyfc6.com | www.fcff3.com | www.c299.com | www.812830.com | www.717226.com | www.607323.com | www.580296.com | www.498166.com | www.362803.com | www.237644.com | www.xinyc3.com | www.77801w.com | www.29277q.com | www.43818k.com | www.5854q.cc | www.cb3988.com | www.816830.com | www.501349.com | www.195322.com | www.61655j.com | www.78700l.com | www.781566.com | www.5xct.com | www.607219.com | www.203035.com | www.50788c.com | www.50024p.com | www.986jc.com | www.927320.com | www.505162.com | www.77114b.com | www.35155k.com | www.hf0688.com | www.511622.com | www.62118c.com | www.9356c.com | www.cz5658.com | www.433112.com | www.50732e.com | www.3890d.com | www.810575.com | www.126059.com | www.41518p.com | www.627012.com | www.237399.com | www.51515d.com | www.605999aa.com | www.356686.com | www.77114m.com | www.c6129.com | www.193006.com | www.50051d.com | www.900140.com | www.80065v.com | www.2632t.com | www.592771.com | www.26878z.com | www.c5907.com | www.138037.com | www.5095r.com | www.587810.com | www.78949q.com | www.895594.com | www.53900i.com | www.hf6880.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.99cmc.com | www.196902.com | www.2350n.com | www.348689.com | www.750966.com | www.320992.com | www.2632u.com | www.210602.com | www.022w.cc | www.032823.com | www.sjgc4.com | www.71233w.com | www.ck5568.com | www.33997p.com | www.679610.com | www.50048.com | www.yc7701.com | www.yi765.com | www.50052u.com | www.743633.com | www.26163t.com | www.226705.com | www.fh52.com | www.60123m.com | www.355711.com | www.ban57.com | www.33598m.com | www.560265.com | www.500pt.com | www.50080l.com | www.607992.com | www.cpw | www.50064u.com | www.564696.com | www.66ffx.com | www.99638g.com | www.375957.com | www.ck1178.com | www.26878f.com | www.81233x.com | www.582833.com | www.csgc2.com | www.36166r.com | www.87668y.com | www.592909.com | www.jcai1.com | www.50080p.com | www.77802t.com | www.501206.com | www.902775.com | www.9889hc.com | www.50051g.com | www.65707x.com | www.233896.com | www.715025.com | www.c137.vip | www.081wy.com | www.00840n.com | www.32123s.com | www.024028.com | www.375769.com | www.680477.com | www.977389.com | www.66ffq.com | www.3478s.cc | www.9149k.com | www.66376h.com | www.32123w.com | www.68568c.com | www.051069.com | www.235671.com | www.379802.com | www.593477.com | www.676285.com | www.806375.com | www.903839.com | www.931670.com | www.hf5889.com | www.lczg4.com | www.ban02.com | www.083wy.com | www.44czt.com | www.158cp.com | www.097wy.com | www.55yfa.com | www.tctx8.com | www.hy5509.com | www.cp3.mobi | www.796678.com | www.648689.com | www.544010.com | www.338053.com | www.178387.com | www.80065f.com | www.43818u.com | www.99638h.com | www.35918x.com | www.3416y.com | www.6fa500.com | www.952583.com | www.652932.com | www.330872.com | www.80767g.com | www.88266z.com | www.7793j.com | www.ya909.com | www.809215.com | www.389144.com | www.87668r.com | www.77210c.com | www.2875j.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.546868.com | www.83033e.com | www.57578d.com | www.8000hc.com | www.775709.com | www.220716.com | www.21202j.com | www.9889hc.com | www.565378.com | www.217556.com | www.91233p.com | www.622by.com | www.649770.com | www.081305.com | www.15355q.com | www.966013.com | www.257760.com | www.77802b.com | www.473552.com | www.16588t.com | www.7cpb.com | www.lcw997.com | www.68689r.com | www.cb3188.com | www.178736.com | www.45258.cc | www.670665.com | www.50788m.com | www.77ckb.com | www.380068.com | www.71233b.com | www.929115.com | www.89894c.com | www.878zf.com | www.451956.com | www.60123s.com | www.912183.com | www.65707p.com | www.zfcp2.com | www.177564.com | www.cll168.com | www.444739.com | www.26163g.com | www.599749.com | www.67258d.com | www.769117.com | www.88266l.com | www.799343.com | www.98528f.com | www.775730.com | www.81233f.com | www.709812.com | www.71233k.com | www.621431.com | www.36166w.com | www.530861.com | www.cll168.com | www.314077.com | www.9889hc.com | www.86267x.com | www.cp8005.cc | www.26163d.com | www.651012.com | www.8499h.com | www.xinyc1.com | www.qucp4.com | www.35918j.com | www.626310.com | www.5091q.com | www.97655p.com | www.luck808.com | www.36787f.com | www.265553.com | www.cai001.vip | www.54968h.com | www.202429.com | www.959557.com | www.15355k.com | www.044592.com | www.99677q.com | www.cp7777p.com | www.2109y.com | www.53900e.com | www.506921.com | www.hy6934.com | www.43818k.com | www.88266j.com | www.599439.com | www.sxyl0.com | www.50054z.com | www.022193.com | www.621416.com | www.qucp4.com | www.89893.cc | www.36788g.com | www.lcw199.com | www.679955.com | www.caim3.com | www.8839c.com | www.29178e.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.611669.com | www.ch8988.com | www.1035g.com | www.76520q.com | www.091150.com | www.508433.com | www.857380.com | www.caim3.com | www.1248i.cc | www.52005.cc | www.60007l.com | www.50051r.com | www.031566.com | www.235671.com | www.503489.com | www.645477.com | www.819847.com | www.978167.com | www.gocp3.com | www.098wy.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.31033.cc | www.03882.cc | www.22603.cc | www.12455x.com | www.36788p.com | www.50732f.com | www.50064k.com | www.50074g.com | www.77210h.com | www.66376j.com | www.52303b.com | www.33598d.com | www.00665g.com | www.6364p.com | www.3416p.com | www.917gc.com | www.ya499.com | www.c229.com | www.847577.com | www.657269.com | www.526609.com | www.309388.com | www.083015.com | www.61233g.com | www.26299f.com | www.60108f.com | www.6364a.com | www.25czj.com | www.am6633.com | www.hcw823.com | www.500227.com | www.144428.com | www.50026p.com | www.53900l.com | www.3552f.com | www.cpyz1.com | www.730124.com | www.356126.com | www.77802m.com | www.65707c.com | www.986jc.com | www.927633.com | www.550154.com | www.88065b.com | www.66332f.com | www.371m.cc | www.785382.com | www.196103.com | www.29178f.com | www.5086e.com | www.912483.com | www.330985.com | www.21202t.com | www.885pz.com | www.694679.com | www.136057.com | www.60108f.com | www.mcw4.com | www.399957.com | www.36166n.com | www.9889hc.com | www.671206.com | www.77210c.com | www.3478g.cc | www.602475.com | www.53900g.com | www.371n.cc | www.550420.com | www.26299e.com | www.qmkl3.com | www.310477.com | www.41518x.com | www.914904.com | www.77801c.com | www.530 | www.401267.com | www.43818t.com | www.709812.com | www.33588v.com | www.978261.com | www.032823.com | www.tj92.com | www.330687.com | www.10380.cc | www.502135.com | www.97775.cc | www.507381.com | www.99638.com | www.560706.com | www.32123y.com | www.586960.com | www.08588p.com | www.530781.com | www.8816i.com | www.351731.com | www.2373y.com | www.237644.com | www.9889hc.com | www.0377555.com | www.ya077.com | www.66653e.com | www.907556.com | www.77802y.com | www.560121.com | www.3552b.com | www.107501.com | www.igcp7.com | www.21202x.com | www.670137.com | www.6364t.com | www.178275.com | www.981090.com | www.61233g.com | www.309825.com | www.zg39.com | www.99788m.com | www.514211.com | www.8fk.com | www.29178f.com | www.527990.com | www.5xca.com | www.68568p.com | www.303464.com | www.c6089.com | www.50080k.com | www.088185.com | www.756997.com | www.022ah.cc | www.bxcp3.com | www.233896.com | www.910977.com | www.3479m.com | www.50051v.com | www.986399.com | www.926857.com | www.fh7557.com | www.16588t.com | www.178387.com | www.645477.com | www.hm3988.com | www.7782p.com | www.26878d.com | www.221095.com | www.629965.com | www.hm2277.com | www.3933v.cc | www.81520f.com | www.78700l.com | www.422727.com | www.818807.com | www.qucp1.com | www.6611b.cc | www.71399m.com | www.71233i.com | www.236380.com | www.534457.com | www.766898.com | www.980996.com | www.2qxc.com | www.100v.cc | www.8039s.com | www.41518m.com | www.97655t.com | www.50024w.com | www.73166g.com | www.97655c.com | www.178213.com | www.307797.com | www.401271.com | www.550973.com | www.596709.com | www.603694.com | www.535666e.com | www.le33.cc | www.803241.com | www.755908.com | www.725102.com | www.656270.com | www.607663.com | www.549077.com | www.535666e.com | www.361979.com | www.355204.com | www.wcp8898.com | www.130881.com | www.81678o.com | www.67258e.com | www.43131b.com | www.77996c.com | www.05500w.com | www.3126d.com | www.12czj.com | www.c2813.com | www.818827.com | www.599190.com | www.328477.com | www.116205.com | www.53911a.com | www.78949g.com | www.38394.cc | www.84gcw.com | www.936271.com | www.611036.com | www.235399.com | www.65707a.com | www.60007g.com | www.6515.com | www.939763.com | www.572699.com | www.055983.com | www.97655l.com | www.2373j.com | www.980158.com | www.540977.com | www.88065c.com | www.54400c.com | www.982jc.com | www.900845.com | www.306503.com | www.33112f.com | www.3479a.com | www.535666e.com | www.346918.com | www.36787a.com | www.3890s.com | www.814646.com | www.195622.com | www.71399c.com | www.dan70.com | www.526609.com | www.50080e.com | www.063wy.com | www.621361.com | www.61524s.com | www.984jc.com | www.637477.com | www.66332n.com | www.2373i.com | www.622230.com | www.50052e.com | www.092wy.com | www.399957.com | www.80075c.com | www.978951.com | www.081506.com | www.2934f.com | www.580296.com | www.95333w.com | www.xinyc3.com | www.89894m.com | www.055wt.cc | www.332709.com | www.21202g.com | www.679000.com | www.36788p.com | www.cb6588.com | www.83033f.com | www.ya619.com | www.135169.com | www.9889hc.com | www.wcp686.com | www.6364b.com | www.388634.com | www.7782c.com | www.359932.com | www.3668y.com | www.322918.com | www.1444ac.com | www.209882.com | www.8000hc.com | www.127169.com | www.ybao7.com | www.62118f.com | www.915196.com | www.86267b.com | www.602470.com | www.7793e.com | www.196146.com | www.096wy.com | www.60108k.com | www.xcw866.com | www.50054z.com | www.413552.com | www.m.55xj.vip | www.66376h.com | www.817055.com | www.66095.cc | www.137165.com | www.778811aa.com | www.50732d.com | www.670665.com | www.3416f.com | www.78700e.com | www.770640.com | www.9478u.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.826556.com | www.5522l.cc | www.65707l.com | www.589411.com | www.8000hc.com | www.99638g.com | www.338062.com | www.lcw997.com | www.39058.cc | www.55228h.com | www.558502.com | www.gyfc0.com | www.36788z.com | www.86267s.com | www.595813.com | www.hx6695.com | www.42969.com | www.53900k.com | www.401265.com | www.891595.com | www.095wy.com | www.62118c.com | www.81678t.com | www.377675.com | www.808732.com | www.dan50.com | www.07163j.com | www.43818p.com | www.175906.com | www.637012.com | www.825799.com | www.23040.com | www.2875q.com | www.50064w.com | www.43818z.com | www.91233y.com | www.339219.com | www.595121.com | www.847677.com | www.c132.vip | www.22yfa.com | www.2350u.com | www.16878k.com | www.68689y.com | www.34788c.com | www.60123r.com | www.97655j.com | www.173631.com | www.986399.com | www.369908.com | www.504533.com | www.586974.com | www.616383.com | www.xinyc6.com | www.673166.com | www.673730.com | www.701545.com | www.694050.com | www.694010.com | www.645477.com | www.620557.com | www.550419.com | www.495568.com | www.355018.com | www.196095.com |