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      當前位置: 首頁 > 公共營養師 > 公共營養師備考資料 > 2019年注冊國際營養師考點輔導:能量

      2019年注冊國際營養師考點輔導:能量

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      發布時間:2019年05月28日 14:30:49 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

      【摘要】環球網校注冊國際營養師頻道小編整理了2019年注冊國際營養師考點輔導:能量考點的相關內容,供廣大考生參考。

      能量

      一、能量來源

      三大產能營養素:碳水化合物、脂肪、蛋白質。(乙醇也可以產生能量)

      凈熱能系數(或生理卡價):每克碳水化合物、脂肪、蛋白質在體內氧化產生的凈熱能值。

      ( 碳水化合物-4kcal 脂肪-9kcal 蛋白質-4kcal )

      二、人體能量消耗的構成

      1、基礎代謝(BM) (basic energy expenditure,BEE)

      (1)定義:是維持人體最基本生命活動所必需的能量消耗。

      (2)基礎代謝率(basal metabolic rate,BMR):指單位時間內人體單位體表面積(㎡) 或單位體重(kg)所消耗的基礎代謝能。

      (3)影響基礎代謝的因素:

      體型與機體構成:同等體重,瘦高者>矮胖者;年齡及生理狀態;性別:男性高于女性5%-10%;環境溫度;應激狀態;種族等。

      2、體力活動的能量消耗

      占主要部分,約占人體總能量消耗的15%~30%。與勞動強度、 持續時間、 熟練程度等有關。

      3、食物特殊動力作用消耗(食物熱效應--TEF)

      食物特殊動力作用(SDA)現稱食物熱效應。指人體攝食過程中引起的能量消耗額外增加的現象。

      消耗能量:碳水化合物消耗5-6%、 脂肪4-5%、蛋白質30%

      一般成人攝入混合膳食,TEF相當于基礎代謝的10%。

      4、生長發育

      三、膳食能量供給及來源

      來源:成人:碳水化合物55-65%、脂肪20-30%、蛋白質11-15%;

      嬰兒:碳水化合物50%、脂肪為35%、蛋白質15%。

      環球網校小編溫馨提醒:以上內容就是環球網校注冊國際營養師頻道為您整理匯總的“2019年注冊國際營養師考點輔導:能量”更多注冊國際營養師相關復習資料、模擬試題和歷年真題,請您點擊下面按鈕進入題庫免費下載。

      分享到: 編輯:孔維妮

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